059 - Android Operating System

Android is a software package and linux based operating system for mobile devices such as tablet computers and smartphones. It is developed by Google and later the OHA (Open Handset Alliance). Java language is mainly used to write the android code even though other languages can be used.

Android is the name of the mobile operating system owned by American company; Google. It most commonly comes installed on a variety of smartphones and tablets from a host of manufacturers offering users access to Google’s own services like Search, YouTube, Maps, Gmail and more.

A Brief Android Version History

Android 10.0, Android 10: September 3, 2019
Android 9.0, Pie: August 6, 2018
Android 8.0, Oreo: August 21, 2017
Android 7.0, Nougat: August 22, 2016
Android 6.0, Marshmallow: October 5, 2015
Android 5.0, Lollipop: November 12, 2014
Android 4.4, KitKat: October 31, 2013
Android 4.1, Jelly Bean: July 9, 2012
Android 4.0, Ice Cream Sandwich: October 18, 2011
Android 3.0, Honeycomb: February 22, 2011
Android 2.3, Gingerbread: December 6, 2010
Android 2.2, Froyo: May 20, 2010
Android 2.0, Eclair: October 26, 2009
Android 1.6, Donut: September 15, 2009
Android 1.5, Cupcake: April 27, 2009

Android Architecture:

The android is an operating system and is a stack of software components which is divided into five sections and four main layers that is

01. Linux kernel
02. Libraries
03. Android runtime
04. Application Framework
05. Applications

Advantages of android operating system:

- Millions of application
- Third-party apps also supported
- Notifications are nicely displayed
- Sharing of internet among devices
- Variety of mobile models to choose from
- Expandable memory
- Support large screens at an affordable price
- Run many apps at the same time
- Multiple widgets on screen
- Foldable devices
- Large community support
- Addition and removal of unwanted features
- Android is Open source
- Cloud storage
- Restoring and backup of apps
- Android developers have high job demands

Do Android updates cost anything? 

Android updates are free to download and install. Updates bring a number of new features and changes to Android each time. Generally, with each update the speed and overall performance of Android is improved upon. 

How do I get an update? 

Android updates are normally received OTA (Over The Air), that is, sent directly to your Android phone without the need for a computer. Normally, once your Android phone or tablet is due to get an upgrade, you'll see a notification in the bar at the top of the screen.

What apps can I get on an Android phone?

There are millions of apps and games available to download from the Google Play store. There are camera apps that allow you to take pictures with artistic effects and music players which allow you to stream songs from the web or create playlists.

You can customise the appearance of your Android handset with a number of wallpapers based on pictures you’ve taken yourself or downloaded from the internet too.

Who actually makes Android phones?

Any handset maker is free to make an Android phone if they want to. The likes of Motorola, HTC, Samsung and Sony, Acer, Alcatel, Asus, Huawei, LG and ZTE have all made Android phones and tablets. Blackberry also launched its very first Android phone, the strangely-named Blackberry Priv at the end of 2015

Does Google make any Android phones?

Although Google owns the OS (Android), the company has not made any of the smartphones on which it runs in-house (it did make the Android-powered Pixel C tablet in 2015). However, it has partnered with various handset manufacturers over the years to make its own-brand smartphones under the 'Nexus' name.

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